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Year : 2022  |  Volume : 38  |  Issue : 3  |  Page : 216-219

Comparison of two drainage parameters on diuretic renogram in predicting the fate of prenatally detected pelvi-ureteric junction-like obstruction

Chitale Clinic Private Limited, Solapur, Maharashtra, India

Correspondence Address:
Gyanendra Ravindra Sharma
Chitale Clinic Private Limited, Solapur, Maharashtra
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/iju.iju_34_22

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Introduction: In infants with suspected pelviureteric junction (PUJ) like obstruction, we compared the drainage patterns suggested by t 1/2 and normalized residual activity (NORA) to determine which parameter can differentiate obstructive from nonobstructive dilatation and thus predict the need for surgery. Materials and Methods: Infants presenting with prenatally detected PUJ-like obstruction from January 2014 to March 2020 were evaluated with ultrasonography. Diuretic renogram was performed using Tc99m ethylene dicysteine using the F0 protocol. Subjects with a differential renal function >40% were included in the study. The t ½ values were noted. NORA was calculated by dividing the tracer values at 60 min with the values at 2 min. The infants were followed using ultrasonography. Renogram was repeated if there was increase in hydronephrosis or after 6 months if hydronephrosis did not regress. The follow-up was continued till a decision for pyeloplasty was made or the hydronephrosis regressed. Pyeloplasty was advised if differential function dropped to below 40%. Results: 34 patients met the inclusion criteria. NORA and t ½ had very poor concordance in defining the drainage pattern. t ½ values did not correlate with the need for surgery or conservative management (P ≥ 0.05). Good drainage pattern by NORA was associated with regression of hydronephrosis (P ≤ 0.001). NORA predicted obstruction more accurately. Conclusion: NORA can define good drainage in a much larger subset of patients with PUJ-like obstruction who eventually do not need surgery. However, further multicenter studies are needed to confirm this.

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