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REVIEW ARTICLE
Year : 2021  |  Volume : 37  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 32-41

Role of laparoscopy in the era of robotic surgery in urology in developing countries


Department of Urology, Renal Transplantation, Robotics and Uro-Oncology, Max Hospital, New Delhi, India

Correspondence Address:
Anant Kumar
Department of Urology, Renal Transplantation, Robotics and Uro-Oncology, Max Hospital, New Delhi
India
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/iju.IJU_252_20

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With the rapid expansion of robotic platforms in urology, there is an urgent and unmet need to review its cost and benefits in comparison to the traditional laparoscopy, especially in reference to a developing country. A nonsystematic review of the literature was conducted to compare the outcomes of pure laparoscopic and robot-assisted urologic procedures. Available literature over the past 30 years was reviewed. Robot-assisted surgery and laparoscopy were found to have similar outcomes in the areas of radical prostatectomy, partial and radical nephrectomy, radical cystectomy, retroperitoneal lymph node (LN) dissection, inguinal LN dissection, donor nephrectomy, and kidney transplantation. Robot-assisted surgery was found to be significantly costlier than pure laparoscopy. In the absence of a clear advantage of robot-assisted surgery over pure laparoscopy, lack of widespread availability and the currently prohibitive cost of robotic technology, laparoscopic urological surgery has a definite role in the developing world.


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