Indian Journal of Urology Users online:1442  
IJU
Home Current Issue Ahead of print Editorial Board Archives Symposia Guidelines Subscriptions Login 
Print this page  Email this page Small font sizeDefault font sizeIncrease font size
REVIEW ARTICLE
Year : 2020  |  Volume : 36  |  Issue : 4  |  Page : 251-261

Neoadjuvant therapy in high-risk prostate cancer


1 USC Institute of Urology, Keck Medical Center of USC, University of Southern California, Los Angeles, California, USA; Division of Surgery, North Adelaide Local Health Network, SA Health; Adelaide Medical School, The University of Adelaide, Adelaide, South Australia, Australia
2 USC Institute of Urology, Keck Medical Center of USC, University of Southern California, Los Angeles, California, USA

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Monish Aron
SC Institute of Urology, Keck Medical Center of USC, University of Southern California, Los Angeles, California
USA
Login to access the Email id

Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/iju.IJU_115_20

Rights and Permissions

High-risk prostate cancer (PCa) is associated with higher rates of biochemical recurrence, clinical recurrence, metastasis, and PCa-specific death, compared to low-and intermediate-risk disease. Herein, we review the various definitions of high-risk PCa, describe the rationale for neoadjuvant therapy prior to radical prostatectomy, and summarize the contemporary data on neoadjuvant therapies. Since the 1990s, several randomized trials of neoadjuvant androgen deprivation therapy (ADT) have consistently demonstrated improved pathological parameters, specifically tumor downstaging and reduced extraprostatic extension, seminal vesicle invasion, and positive surgical margins without improvements in cancer-specific or overall survival. These studies, however, were not exclusive to high-risk patients and were limited by suboptimal follow-up periods. Newer studies of neoadjuvant ADT in high-risk PCa show promising pathological and oncological outcomes. Recent level 1 data suggests neoadjuvant chemohormonal therapy (CHT) may improve longer-term survival in high-risk PCa. Immunologic neoadjuvant trials are in their infancy, and further study is required. Neoadjuvant therapies may be promising additions to the multimodal therapeutic landscape of high-risk and locally advanced PCa in the near future.


[FULL TEXT] [PDF]*
Print this article     Email this article
 Next article
 Previous article
 Table of Contents

 Similar in PUBMED
   Search Pubmed for
   Search in Google Scholar for
 Citation Manager
 Access Statistics
 Reader Comments
 Email Alert *
 Add to My List *
 * Requires registration (Free)
 

 Article Access Statistics
    Viewed528    
    Printed19    
    Emailed0    
    PDF Downloaded66    
    Comments [Add]    

Recommend this journal

 

HEALTHWARE INDIA