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Year : 2020  |  Volume : 36  |  Issue : 3  |  Page : 212-215

Sexual dysfunction in women with interstitial cystitis/bladder pain syndrome: A case-control study

1 Department of Urology, Command Hospital (Western Command), Panchkula, Haryana, India
2 Department of Urology, Command Hospital (Eastern Command), Kolkata, West Bengal, India
3 Department of Urology, Command Hospital (Southern Command), Pune, Maharashtra, India

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Amit Agrawal
Department of Urology, Command Hospital (Western Command), Panchkula, Haryana
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/iju.IJU_145_20

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Introduction: Interstitial cystitis/bladder pain syndrome (IC/BPS) is a chronic debilitating illness characterized by urinary frequency, urgency, and pelvic pain. IC/BPS adversely affects the sexual well-being of the patients. We used the Female Sexual Function Index (FSFI) to compare sexual dysfunction (FSD) in women with IC/BPS versus controls in an Indian cohort where such data is lacking. Materials and Methods: This case–control study was designed to compare the FSDs in patients with IC/BPS to that of asymptomatic controls. Pelvic Pain and Urgency/Frequency (PUF) Questionnaire scores and FSFI scores were used as tools for this study. Results: Thirty-two patients were recruited in each group. Patients with IC/BPS had a significantly higher PUF score as compared to the control group (7.843 vs. 3.656). These patients also scored worse on the total adjusted FSFI score (18.678 ± 4.531 vs. 28.05 ± 4.318; P < 0.05) and individually in all domains of sexual function. Twenty-nine (90.62%) patients of the IC/BPS group had FSD as compared to 12 (37.5%) of patients in the control group. Pain was the most common presenting complaint and was seen in 65.25% of patients in the IC/BPS group as compared to only 31.25% of patients in the control group. Conclusion: The results of our study show that women with IC/BPS have more pain and sexual dysfunction than controls.

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