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Year : 2019  |  Volume : 35  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 25-33

Efficacy of tamsulosin and tadalafil in relieving benign prostatic hyperplasia related symptoms: A randomized double blind placebo controlled cross-over study

1 Department of Pharmacology, Postgraduate Institute of Medical Education and Research, Chandigarh, India
2 Department of Surgery, Government Medical College, Patiala, Punjab, India
3 Department of Urology, Postgraduate Institute of Medical Education and Research, Chandigarh, India

Correspondence Address:
Ravimohan Suryanarayan Mavuduru
Department of Urology, Postgraduate Institute of Medical Education and Research, Chandigarh
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/iju.IJU_147_18

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Introduction: Tadalafil and Tamsulosin have both been approved for use in the management of lower urinary tract symptoms (LUTS) secondary to benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH). This study compared the differential effects of these two on BPH-LUTS using a cross over study design. Methods: Men ≥45 years of age, with an International Prostate Symptom Score (IPSS) ≥8 due to BPH-LUTS were included. The patients were randomized into sequence AB (tadalafil 10 mg OD followed by tamsulosin 0.4 mg OD) or BA in a double blind manner. All patients received a placebo lead-in period for 2 weeks, followed by an active drug for 6 weeks; placebo wash out for 4 weeks and then crossed over to second active drug for another 6 weeks. IPSS scores, Uroflowmetry parameters and International Index of Erectile Function-5 scores were recorded. Results: Out of the 40 patients, 36 completed the study. Demographic and baseline characteristics were comparable between the two groups (AB and BA). No significant placebo effects were observed. Tadalafil and tamsulosin significantly improved the total IPSS score and quality of life (P < 0.05) as compared to the baseline. However, there were no significant differences between the two drugs with respect to extent of observed effect and which drug was prescribed 1st in the sequence respectively (P > 0.05). Significant period effect was observed (P < 0.05) i.e., the symptoms did not return to the baseline before the second treatment. Half of the nonresponders to either of the drugs responded when the drug was changed to the other. Tadalafil showed better improvement in EF score as compared to Tamsulosin. Conclusion: Both Tadalafil and Tamsulosin improved LUTS and erectile function and those patients who did not respond to Tadalafil showed improvement with Tamsulosin and vice-a-versa.

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