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Year : 2017  |  Volume : 33  |  Issue : 2  |  Page : 155-158

A novel composite two-stage urethroplasty for complex penile strictures: A multicenter experience

1 Kulkarni Centre for Reconstructive Urology, Pune, Maharashtra, India
2 Department of Reconstructive Urology, Centro Chirurgico Toscano, Arezzo, Italy
3 Department of Experimental Medicine and Surgery, University of Tor Vergata, Rome, Italy
4 Evangelistria Medical Centre, Nicosia, Cyprus
5 Humanitas Clinical and Researcher Centre, Humanitas University, Rozzano, Italy

Correspondence Address:
Pankaj M Joshi
Kulkarni Centre for Reconstructive Urology, Pune, Maharashtra
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/0970-1591.203426

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Introduction: Complex penile strictures are usually repaired using a two-stage urethroplasty. Buccal mucosal graft (BMG) placed in the first stage can have a significant contraction rate, which may require a subsequent revision surgery. We describe a composite two-stage penile urethroplasty using BMG for patients of complex penile strictures who have some salvageable urethral plate. Methods: Within a multi-institutional cohort, 82 patients underwent a two-stage urethroplasty for complex stricture of the penile urethra. Of these 42 patients who underwent our composite two-stage penile urethroplasty using BMG implanted at the second-stage were included. Patients with genital lichen sclerosus or incomplete clinical records were excluded from this study. The primary outcome of the study was to evaluate stricture-free success rate. Results: Of total 42, 4 patients were lost to follow-up. 42% of stricture etiology was failed hypospadias repair. Mean stricture length was 4.5 cm (range 3–8 cm). Seventeen (44.7%) patients had undergone the previous urethroplasty. At a median follow-up of 44 months, of 38 patients, 34 (89.5%) were successful, and 4 (10.5%) had a recurrence. No patient required revision surgery before the second-stage and required redo buccal graft harvesting for subsequent urethroplasty. Conclusions: The composite two-stage technique in repairing complex penile urethral strictures is a valid and reproducible surgical treatment for complex penile stricture and it may reduce the rate of contraction of the transplanted BMG.

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