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Year : 2010  |  Volume : 26  |  Issue : 3  |  Page : 353-358

An epidemiological study of urinary incontinence and its impact on quality of life among women aged 35 years and above in a rural area

Department of Community Medicine, Prathima Institute of Medical Sciences, Karimnagar, AP, India

Correspondence Address:
Trupti N Bodhare
D 302, Doctors Quarters, Prathima Institute of Medical Sciences, Nagnur, Karimnagar, AP 505 417
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/0970-1591.70566

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Background : There have been few community-based epidemiological studies on urinary incontinence (UI) evaluating the risk factors and impact on quality of life (QOL) in India. Objectives : This study was designed (1) to estimate age-specific prevalence and risk factors of UI among women aged 35 years and above in a rural area and (2) to analyze the impact of UI on the QOL of incontinent women. Design and Setting : A cross-sectional descriptive study was conducted. Materials and Methods: A semi-structured questionnaire assessing socio-demographic factors, severity and type of incontinence, and obstetrical and other risk factors along with impact on QOL was administered in two clusters (villages) in Karimnagar district through multistage cluster sampling. Results : In a sample of 552 women, 53 (10%) reported episodes of UI. The prevalence of UI showed significant association with increasing age (P < 0.01). Fifty-seven percent of the women had symptoms of stress incontinence, 23% of urge, and 20% mixed symptoms. Obstetrical factors associated with UI included high parity (P < 0.003), young age at first childbirth (P < 0.01), forceps delivery (P < 0.001), and prolonged labor (P < 0.001). Chronic constipation, chronic cough, and history of urinary tract infection were predictors of UI in regression analysis (Nagelkerke R 2 = 0.7). Women with stress incontinence had the severest perceived impact on QOL on a five-point scale questionnaire, mean 24.87 (95% CI 21.26-28.47). Conclusion : One in 10 women reported episodes of UI with impaired QOL. The outcome is predicted both by obstetric and other risk factors.

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