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Year : 2008  |  Volume : 24  |  Issue : 3  |  Page : 362-368

Medical management of genitourinary tuberculosis

Department of Medicine, All India Institute of Medical Sciences, New Delhi - 110 608, India

Correspondence Address:
Surendra K Sharma
Department of Medicine, Chief, Division of Pulmonary, Critical Care, and Sleep Medicine, All India Institute of Medical Sciences, Ansari Nagar, New Delhi - 110 608
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/0970-1591.42619

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Antimycobacterial chemotherapy is the mainstay of treatment for the majority of patients with genitourinary tuberculosis (GUTB). A large body of evidence from clinical trials suggests that short-course chemotherapy regimens, employing four drugs including rifampicin and pyrazinamide, achieve cure in most of the patients with tuberculosis (TB) and are associated with the lowest rates of relapse. Standard six-month regimens are adequate for the treatment of GUTB. Directly observed treatment, short-course (DOTS) is the internationally recommended comprehensive strategy to control TB, and directly observed treatment is just one of its five elements. DOTS cures not only the individual with TB but also reduces the incidence of TB as well as the prevalence of primary drug-resistance in the community. Corticosteroids have no proven role in the management of patients with GUTB. Errors in prescribing anti-TB drugs are common in clinical practice. Standardized treatment regimens at correct doses and assured completion of treatment have made DOTS the present-day standard of care for the management of all forms of TB including GUTB.

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