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Year : 2008  |  Volume : 24  |  Issue : 3  |  Page : 295-302

Strategies for prostate cancer prevention: Review of the literature

1 Division of Urology, Lakshmi Hospital, Kochi, India
2 Department of Surgery, Sr.Consultant in Urology, Mangalore, India

Correspondence Address:
P Venugopal
801, Symphony Apartment, Sturrock Road, Mangalore - 575 001
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/0970-1591.42608

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The goal of primary chemoprevention is to decrease the incidence of a given cancer, simultaneously reducing treatment-related adverse events, cost of treatment of the disease and mortality. Prostate cancer is an attractive and appropriate target for primary prevention because of its high incidence and prevalence, increased disease-related mortality, long latency and molecular pathogenesis and epidemiological data indicating that modifiable environmental factors may decrease risk. Various agents have been suggested to prevent prostate cancer and many clinical trials are currently on. Ultimately the adoption of a preventive strategy hinges on its potential benefits weighed against the potential risks of the specific agents used. This article is aimed to examine the experimental and epidemiological data spanning a period of 1998 to 2007, demonstrating the chemopreventive activity, safety and toxicity of various nutritional elements and other agents that can help prevent prostate cancer and/or slow disease progression.

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